Answered By: Writing Center
Last Updated: May 05, 2015     Views: 0

We use during or in to talk about a period of time within which an event or activity occurs. The activity may continue for the whole of the period of time, or the event may happen at some time, or be repeated a number of times, in the period of time. 

e.g.: I stayed at home during the summer.

He suffered a number of injuries during his career as a footballer.

We use during rather than in to mean "at some time in the period of" before nouns such as illness, holiday, meal, stay, treatment, and visit, when we refer to an event which lasts some time.

We can use throughout to emphasize that something happens over the whole of a period of time.

e.g.: We had enough firewood to keep us warm throughout the winter.

We can use over or during when we talk about something that goes on for a length of time within a period of time, either for some of that period or for the whole of it.

e.g.: Weather conditions have been improving over/during the past few days.

However, if we talk about a short event that happens within a period of time, we prefer during.

e.g.: During a pause in the conversation, she left the room.

We can use throughout to mean that short events happen continuously within a period of time.

e.g.: She sneezed throughout the performance.

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