Answered By: Writing Center
Last Updated: Nov 05, 2015     Views: 0

We use the to refer to something which has already been mentioned.

e.g.: There is a position available in the library. The job will involve some international travel.

The is used when you assume there is just one of something in that place, even if it has not been mentioned before.

e.g.: We went to a walk in the park yesterday. 

The is used in sentences or clauses where you define or identify a particular person or object. 

e.g.: The scholar who wrote this book is famous.

The is used to refer to people or objects that are unique.

e.g.: It was a wonderful experience visiting the country.

The is used before superlatives and ordinal numbers.

e.g.: My father is reading the first chapter of that book.

The is used with adjectives to refer to a whole group of people.

e.g.: She has given a lot of money to the poor.

The is used with decades.

e.g.: She was born in the eighties.

The is used with clauses introduced by only.

e.g.: You are the only person she trusts.

The is used with names of geographical areas, rivers, mountain ranges, groups of islands , canals, and oceans.

e.g.: I will go to visit the Galapagos Islands this fall.

The is used with countries that have plural names.

e.g.: Do you know anyone who lives in the Philippines?

The is used with countries that include the words "republic", "kingdom", or "states" in their names.

e.g.: How long have you been in the United States.

The is used with newspaper names.

e.g.: He reads the New York Times everyday.

The is used with the names of famous buildings, works of art, museums, or monuments.

e.g.: Have you been to the American Museum of Natural History?

The is used with the names of hotels and restaurants, unless these are named after a person.

e.g.: They are staying at the Hilton tonight.

The is used with the names of families, but not with the names of individuals.

e.g.:  The Williams are going to watch the movie with us. 



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